Human Papilloma Virus, HPV is one of the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI). It is an entirely different virus from both Human Immunodeficiency virus, HIV, and Herpes Virus Simplex, HSV. HPV has been so common such that almost all sexually active women and men get it at one point their lifetime. There are different types of human papillomavirus. Some can lead to serious health problems such as cancer and genital warts. Fortunately, there are effective vaccines that can be used to deter these health issues from happening.
How HPV spreads.
Human papillomavirus is transmitted through close skin-to-skin contact. Hence, you can get it by having anal, oral, or vaginal sex with a person who has the virus. It can be transmitted even when the infected person is yet to show any signs and symptoms of the infection. Anyone who is sexually active can get human papillomavirus, even if you had sex with one person only. Furthermore, it is crucial to note that you can develop the symptoms of the human papillomavirus some years after you have sex with a person who is infected. Therefore, it ‘s hard to know exactly when you first became infected.
Signs and Symptoms of HPV
Often, the human body`s immune system beats the human papillomavirus infection before it starts to create warts. Nonetheless, if warts appear, they will vary in appearance subject to the variety of human papillomavirus involved:
Genital warts are flat abrasions or small stem-like protrusions. In men, genital warts often appear on the scrotum and penis or near the anus. In women, genital warts commonly appear on the vulva. Nonetheless, they can also appear in the vagina, on the cervix, or near the anus.
Common warts often appear as raised, rough bumps. Common warts commonly appear on the fingers, elbows, or the hands. In some cases, they can be pain and susceptible to bleeding or injury.
Flat warts are flat-topped, somewhat raised abrasions that often appear darker than your skin. They can appear on any part of your body. Nonetheless, in the case of children, they appear on the face while in men, they are more common in the beard area. In women, they often appear on the legs.
Plantar warts are grainy growths which are usually hard and often appear on the balls or heels of your feet.
Causes of HPV
Human papillomavirus occurs when the virus gets into your body. The virus could get into your body through an abrasion, cut, or even a small tear on your skin. Furthermore, you can get it through engaging in vaginal, oral, and anal sex with a person who is infected with the virus. Therefore, it is important to note that anyone who is sexually active can get human papillomavirus.
The risk factors for human papillomavirus include:
Genital warts often occur in adolescents as well as the young adults. On the other hand, common warts are rampant in children. Therefore, it implies that both the young youth and the children are at a high risk of contracting the human papilloma virus.
2.The number of sexual partners
The more the sexual partners a person has, the greater risk of contracting a genital human papillomavirus infection. Also, engaging in sexual intercourse with a person who has many sex partners will increase your risk of contracting HPV.
Touching another person`s warts or failing to wear protection before contacting any surface that has been exposed to HPV will increase your risk of contracting HPV. Therefore, always wear protection when in public swimming pools or public showers.
4.Weak immune system
Any person who has a weakened immune system is at a greater risk of contracting the human papillomavirus. Often, the human immune system is weakened by HIV and AIDS or due to taking immune system suppressing drugs after an organ transplant.
It is vital to note that certain strain of the human papillomavirus causes cervical cancer. Furthermore, HPV might lead to cancers of the anus, genitals, upper respiratory tract, and mouth. Nonetheless, you should always remember there is a significant advantage in being vaccinated against the HPV infection since it can protect you from cervical and other forms of cancer.
Upper respiratory and mouth lesions
Often, HPV infections cause wounds on your tongue, soft palate, tonsils, or within your nose or larynx.